AskDefine | Define lagoon

Dictionary Definition

lagoon n : a body of water cut off from a larger body by a reef of sand or coral [syn: laguna, lagune]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Noun

  1. A shallow body of water separated from deeper sea by a bar.

Translations

  • Finnish: laguuni
  • French: lagon
  • Spanish: laguna

Extensive Definition

This article is about natural lagoons. For other uses of lagoon'' please see Lagoon (disambiguation).
A lagoon is a body of comparatively salt or brackish water separated from the deeper sea by a shallow or exposed sandbank, coral reef, or similar feature. Thus, the enclosed body of water behind a barrier reef or barrier islands or enclosed by an atoll reef is called a lagoon. This application of lagoon in English dates from 1769. It adapted and extended the sense of the Venetian laguna (cf Latin lacuna, 'empty space'), which specifically referred to Venice's shallow, island-studded stretch of saltwater, protected from the Adriatic by the barrier beaches of the Lido (see Venetian Lagoon). Lagoon refers to both coastal lagoons formed by the build-up of sandbanks or reefs along shallow coastal waters, and the lagoons in atolls, formed by the growth of coral reefs on slowly sinking central islands. Lagoons that are fed by freshwater streams are also called estuaries.
Albemarle Sound in North Carolina, Great South Bay, between Long Island and the barrier beaches of Fire Island in New York, Banana River in Florida and Lake Illawarra in New South Wales are all lagoons. In the UK there are lagoons at Montrose, (Scotland) and Tywyn, (Wales), whilst the expanse of water inside Chesil Beach, England, known as The Fleet, could also be described as a lagoon. There is also one near the small town of Dingle in Western Ireland. Some of the famous lagoons in India are the Chilika Lake in Orissa, near Puri, and the Vembanad Lake in Kerala. Both are connected to the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea respectively through a narrow channel.
In Latin America often the use of "laguna", which lagoon translates to, is used to describe a lake, such as Laguna Catemaco.
lagoon in Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa): Лягуна
lagoon in Bulgarian: Лагуна
lagoon in Catalan: Llacuna
lagoon in Czech: Laguna
lagoon in Danish: Lagune
lagoon in German: Lagune
lagoon in Spanish: Laguna
lagoon in Esperanto: Laguno
lagoon in French: Lagune
lagoon in Ido: Laguno
lagoon in Bishnupriya: লাগুনা
lagoon in Indonesian: Laguna
lagoon in Italian: Laguna
lagoon in Hebrew: לגונה
lagoon in Lithuanian: Lagūna
lagoon in Dutch: Lagune
lagoon in Japanese: ラグーン
lagoon in Norwegian: Lagune
lagoon in Novial: Lagune
lagoon in Polish: Laguna
lagoon in Portuguese: Laguna
lagoon in Russian: Лагуна
lagoon in Albanian: Laguna
lagoon in Slovak: Lagúna
lagoon in Finnish: Laguuni
lagoon in Swedish: Lagun
lagoon in Vietnamese: Phá
lagoon in Turkish: Deniz kulağı
lagoon in Ukrainian: Лагуна

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

artificial lake, bayou lake, cistern, dam, dead water, dike, etang, farm pond, fishpond, freshwater lake, glacial lake, inland sea, laguna, lake, lakelet, landlocked water, linn, loch, lough, mere, millpond, millpool, nyanza, oxbow lake, plash, pond, pondlet, pool, puddle, reservoir, salina, salt pond, stagnant water, standing water, still water, sump, tank, tarn, tidal pond, volcanic lake, water hole, water pocket, well
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